Building a wood fence in the garden
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Category Gardening & Environment | Skills: Skill | Author: FMIS | Language : Language | Difficulty level : Hard | Time : 60min Share Take Challenge Add Activity


Everyone who lives in a house with a garden wants to have a nice environment. When you arrange a garden near your house, it is important to buy the right amount of materials you need. It is also important from the point of view of cost optimization. Building your own wood fence can be extremely rewarding, and it’s not as hard as you think. A wood fence project does not need to be time-consuming, and it can be fun. There are a variety of wood fence styles that you can build, and a variety of wood types that are excellent for fence construction. 
This activity show you how to calculate the appropriate number of wooden elements (panels)  needed to build a simply wood fence and show you step-by-step how to build a fence in your garden.


The activity shall be implemented in 3 stages:

  1. Preparation for your fence project. 
  2. Measuring and marking the area for fence. Calculation number of fence elements  that will need for building a fence 
  3. Fence Installation


You will learn:

  • What types of wooden panels are available on the market.
  • Which type of wood is the most suitable for making a fence.
  • How to calculate the necessary quantities of materials.


After completing the activity, you will achieve the following skills:

  • How to search (e.g. on the Internet) for information on the types of wood and its properties, fence’s elements, etc. 
  • Making simple research observations.
  • Making simple measuring activities (measuring, volume calculation, quantity calculation).
  • Using simple measuring tools.
  • Performing simple mathematical operations.
  • Developing manual skills.
  • Developing the ability of time organizing.
  • Developing interpersonal skills (independence, creativity,  resourcefulness, openness to new experience).
  • Organizing the workplace.
  • Improving language skills by learning new words and how to use them.


After completing the activity, the learners will achieve the following skills:

  • Reading and writing competence (careful reading with understanding instruction).
  • Mathematical competence (counting, using simple measuring tools, mathematical thinking).
  • IT competences (using information society technologies, using a computer, searching for information on the Internet, critical use of information contained on the Internet).
  • Creativity competence. 
  • Work planning and organisation.


  • Fence elements: corner posts, line posts, end posts,  wooden panels
  • Ready mix concrete
  • Water for mixing concrete
  • Line level
  • Gravel
  • Cordless or normal electric drill
  • Wood and metal drills
  • Bolts with nuts and washers
  • Bolt keys
  • Flat head screwdriver
  • Post hole auger
  • Shovel
  • Rubber mallet
  • Clean rags
  • Safety glasses

How to build wood fence?

Preparation for your fence project:
1.    Survey your property and choose a place for your fence, consider obstructions in the area in your garden you want to fence in. Do you want to build around trees, bushes, and other obstacles, or do you want to remove them? If you build around them, you’ll have to factor that into the area of your fence when you measure.
2.    Think about what type of wooden panels  will be most suitable for your fence. They differ in height, width and thickness as well as the type of decorating. Check on the Internet what types of wooden panels are available.
3.    Think about what type of scaffolding of the fence (posts) will be most suitable for your fence (check the advantages and disadvantages of wooden and metal scaffolding online).
4.    Choose  the type of scaffolding and wooden panels for your fence.


Measuring and Marking the area for fence:
By measuring and marking the area you want to fence in, you will have a better idea of the right amount of posts and panels to purchase.
1.    Determine the corners of the area you plan to fence in, and mark them by placing a stake at each corner. Measure the length of each side of the area that will be fenced, do it  along the fence line.
2.    In between each corner marker, make another marker point  for posts of scaffolding in equal distance, depending on the fence you’ve chosen. These markers are where your posts will be installed, and the wooden panels will be placed in between.
3.    Now that you’ve marked and measured, it’s time to figure out how many parts you need. The main components of most wood fences are corner posts, line posts, end posts, and  wooden panels. To figure out how many posts you’ll need, count the number of stakes you marked, and note the types of posts:

  • Corner posts are used to connect two sections of fencing that come together at a 90˚ angle. For every corner you are fencing in, you will need 1 corner post.
  • Line posts have holes on two opposite sides to connect fence sections in a line (180˚ angle). For every stake you put in the ground in between the corner markers you originally placed, you will need 1 line post.
  • End posts are used to end a line of fencing and are only connected to one section.

4.    By counting the number of sections between where you have marked posts, you can determine how many sections of wooden fence panels you need. This can also be accomplished by dividing the perimeter of your fence by the length of the sections.
5.    Now that you have your fence planned out and have acquired the posts, panels you need, you can begin the installation process.

Fence Installation:
1.    Starting with corner or end posts, use a shovel or other gardening tool (e.g. auger) to dig a hole 15-30 cm in diameter and 50-80 cm deep.
2.    Fill the hole with gravel. This will ensure drainage of water away from the post and is important as wood fences are susceptible to moisture damage.

3.    Set your first post to plumb level. Tamp and secure it with concrete.
4.    Where you’ve marked the next post, dig your next hole, and repeat steps 1-3.
5.    Insert the section of wooden fence panels between the two posts. You’ve now completed one line of fencing.


6.    Repeat this process until you have completed your fence.
7.    Clean up the area, wipe down your fence. Your wood fence is ready. 

There are different fence designs and ideas. Below you can see some of the example. You can take it into account when you think about your fence project.


Some examples: